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In the research process, scientific methods were used that was adequate to the set of research tasks, due to its subject and intact: evolutionism, comparative studies, synchronous and diachronous analysis, historical reconstruction method, analogy method. In you can find the best deals now.

Research hypothesis

The genesis of Italian cinema and the nature of changes in the field of feature and documentary films at an early stage of its development are determined by a number of factors. Firstly, the changes in the content stylistic nature in the field of cinema were due to the dynamics of the political life of Italy between 1895 to 1945 a change in the types of power influenced the ideology, myth-making and theme of films.

Secondly, the intensive development of cinema in Italy is associated with the success of the first major national film companies focused on obtaining economic benefits from film production and distribution: Italian film producers managed to make the transition from the production of low-content entertainment tapes and documentary observations to the creation of feature films based on continuous production.

Thirdly, the factor of effective state regulation of national cinema financial, legislative, tax, organizational played a positive role. Fourth, the enrichment and updating of the language of cinema were facilitated by the relationship of Italian cinema with foreign, in particular, Russian. The close collaboration of filmmakers, screenwriters, directors and actors set the stage for the emergence of neorealism and the post-war world success of Italian cinema.

The scientific novelty of the study lies in the fact that in this work, cinema of Italy of the period 1895-1945 regarded as a historical and cultural phenomenon, the development of which was influenced by socio-political and aesthetic factors, the experience of multi-genre theater productions, close cooperation with domestic and foreign literature, as well as intercultural interactions with other countries. The main results can be formulated as follows:

The most important socio-cultural events in Italy from the moment the country was unified until Mussolini came to power 1861-1922 are analyzed, the general cultural, political and economic prerequisites for the emergence and development of national cinema are revealed.

The main features of the development of Italian theater and literature in the “Beautiful Era” are considered, their main achievements that have had a serious impact on world culture, and factors that turned out to be significant for the development of Italian cinema are identified.

Analyzed the emergence and development of Italian cinema during the period of the Great Silent. The conditions for the appearance, features of the activity, the reasons for world success and the subsequent collapse of the first major film companies and creative associations, the reasons for cooperation with the largest national film companies of famous playwrights and stars of the Italian theater, as well as the relationship of Italian cinema with foreign, in particular Russian, are revealed.

The most important socio-cultural events in Italy of the period of fascism (1922-1943) and the post-fascist regime (1943-1945), as well as their impact on the development of culture and cinema, were studied.

The main features of the development of Italian theater and literature of the period of fascism, the activities of the largest playwrights and stars of theatrical art and the conditions for their cooperation with the government of Mussolini, as well as the forms and methods of interaction of theater and literature with cinema, are examined.